Whether you work low-stakes assessments, small-scale classroom assessments or large-scale, high-stakes assessment, understanding and applying some basic principles of item development will greatly enhance the quality of your results. This 22-page white paper sets out item development steps that will help you create defensible assessments including:

  • Training item writers and reviewers
  • Drafting items
  • Editing items (initial round)
  • Content review
  • Bias review
  • Editing items (final round)
  • Item try-outs and field tests
  • Psychometric review

Although the paper addresses the requirements of large-scale, high-stakes testing, the fundamental considerations presented apply to any assessment. To download this white paper, please complete the following form: